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Online Edition - July-August 2004
Vol. X, No. 5

How did the abuses get started?

Selected quotes from the past on specific problems raised in Redemptionis Sacramentum


Redemptionis Sacramentum §25 exhorts bishops to look into the working and membership of diocesan worship commissions, who should "be chosen from among those whose soundness in the Catholic faith and knowledge of theological and cultural matters are evident". A survey of books and articles on the Liturgy reveals that many practices condemned as abuses began as recommendations from influential liturgical experts. (Most experts quoted are members of liturgical organizations and/or are academics who have shaped liturgical practice since the Second Vatican Council.)

[RS 42.] ... Nor is the Eucharistic Sacrifice to be considered a "concelebration"... Accordingly, terms such as "celebrating community" or "celebrating assembly" ... and similar terms should not be used injudiciously.

Ralph Keifer, (d. 1987) Acting General Secretary of ICEL; editor of the 1973 ICEL Sacramentary; co-founder of the "Charismatic renewal" movement.
The Mass in Time of Doubt (National Association of Pastoral Musicians 1983)

Father John F. Baldovin, SJ, Professor of Liturgy, Weston School of Theology
"The Language of Ministry in Contemporary Roman Catholicism", Finding Voice to Give God Praise (Liturgical Press 1998)

Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap, Chicago Theological Union, Founder of "We Believe!", "Liturgical Factions and Violent Reactions: Evolution or Revolution?" Traditions and Transitions (LTP 1998)

David Haas, composer-musician, The Ministry and Mission of Sung Prayer (St. Anthony Messenger Press 2002)

Father Eugene A. Walsh, SS, (d. 1989) St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore; principal author of "The Place of Music in Eucharistic Celebrations"
Giving Life: Ministry of the Parish Sunday Assembly (Leader's Guide) (OCP 1993 reprint)

Father Dennis C. Smolarski, SJ, Santa Clara University, author GIRM 1969-2002 [Liturgical Press, 2003], Eucharistia: A Study of the Eucharistic Prayer (Paulist Press 1982)


The Matter of the Most Holy Eucharist

[RS 48.] The bread used in the celebration of the Most Holy Eucharistic Sacrifice must be unleavened, purely of wheat, and recently made so that there is no danger of decomposition.... It is a grave abuse to introduce other substances, such as fruit or sugar or honey, into the bread for confecting the Eucharist.

Monsignor Kevin Irwin, Professor of Liturgical and Sacramental Theology, Catholic University of America, "The Critical Task of Liturgical Theology: Prospects and Proposals" in Eucharist: Toward the Third Millennium (Liturgy Training Publications 1997)

Sister Kathleen Hughes, Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap., Father Gilbert Ostdiek (Chicago Theological Union; ICEL, Sr. Hughes and Fr. Ostdiek are former advisors to the Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy)
"The Preparatory Rites: A Case Study in Liturgical Ecology" Worship Jan. 1993


[RS 49.] By reason of the sign, it is appropriate that at least some parts of the Eucharistic Bread coming from the fraction should be distributed to at least some of the faithful in Communion indeed small hosts requiring no further fraction ought customarily to be used for the most part.

Sister Kathleen Hughes, Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap., Father Gilbert Ostdiek,"The Preparatory Rites: A Case Study in Liturgical Ecology" Worship Jan. 1993

Richard McCarron, Assistant Professor of Liturgy, Catholic Theological Union, Chicago, The Eucharistic Prayer at Sunday Mass (LTP 1997)

Father Robert W. Hovda, (d. 1992) Chairman of The Liturgical Conference; columnist for Worship, "Pastoral Guidelines" in It is Your Own Mystery: a Guide to the Communion Rite (The Liturgical Conference 1977)


The Eucharistic Prayer

[RS 52.] The Eucharistic Prayer, then, is to be recited by the Priest alone in full.

Ralph Keifer, To Give Thanks and Praise: General Instruction of the Roman Missal With Commentary for Musicians and Priests (Pastoral Press 1993, orig. pub. 1980)

Father Eugene A. Walsh, SS, Giving Life: Ministry of the Parish Sunday Assembly (Leader's Guide) (OCP 1993 reprint)


[RS 53.] While the Priest proclaims the Eucharistic Prayer "there should be no other prayers or singing, and the organ or other musical instruments should be silent", except for the people's acclamations that have been duly approved....

Father Joseph Gélineau, SJ, Member of Coetus X, Consilium for the implementation of the Constitution on the Liturgy, author "The Psalms ­ Singing Version", The Eucharistic Prayer: Praise of the Whole Assembly (Pastoral Press 1985)

Frank Brownstead, then Coordinator for Music, Office for Worship, Archdiocese of Los Angeles, "Preparing Music for Priestly Ordination" Pastoral Music August-September 1999

Ralph Keifer, To Give Thanks and Praise

Father Robert D. Duggan, Gaithersberg, Maryland, RCIA, author, lecturer.
Parish Liturgy: A handbook for Renewal A CHURCH book, National Pastoral Life Center (Sheed & Ward 1996)


[RS 57.] It is the right of the community of Christ's faithful that especially in the Sunday celebration there should customarily be true and suitable sacred music...

Father Virgil C. Funk, founder of National Association of Pastoral Musicians
"Secular Music in the Liturgy: Are There Any Rules?" Finding Voice to Give God Praise (Liturgical Press 1998)

Father Lucien Deiss, CSSp., Former member of Consilium, writer, composer, former professor of Scripture and Theology in Paris, The Mass (Liturgical Press 1992, published in French 1989)

Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap, From Age to Age


[RS 59.] The reprobated practice by which Priests, Deacons or the faithful here and there alter or vary at will the texts of the Sacred Liturgy that they are charged to pronounce, must cease.

Father Jerome Hall, SJ, Department of Word and Worship, Washington Theological Union; Theological College, National Seminary of the Catholic University of America
"The Impact of Liturgiam Authenticam on Musical Texts", address to the 2003 National Association of Pastoral Musicians Convention


[RS 60.] In the celebration of Mass, the Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist are intimately connected to one another, and form one single act of worship. For this reason it is not licit to separate one of these parts from the other and celebrate them at different times or places. Nor is it licit to carry out the individual parts of Holy Mass at different times of the same day.

Father Jerome Hall, SJ, "The Impact of Liturgiam Authenticam on Musical Texts"


[RS 64.] The homily, which is given in the course of the celebration of Holy Mass and is a part of the Liturgy itself, "should ordinarily be given by the Priest celebrant himself. He may entrust it to a concelebrating Priest or occasionally, according to circumstances, to a Deacon, but never to a layperson".

Father Dennis J. Geaney, OSA, and Dolly Sokol
Father Geaney, Catholic Theological Union, writes on women's ordination, lay ministry; Dolly Sokol, Director of Office of Worship, Archdiocese of Santa Fe, board of directors, Southwest Liturgical Conference, Parish Celebration: A Reflective Guide for Liturgy Planning (Twenty-Third Publications 1983)

Ralph Keifer,To Hear and Proclaim: Introduction to the Lectionary for Mass with Commentary for Musicians and Priests, (Pastoral Press 1993)


[RS 88.] ... It is the Priest celebrant's responsibility to minister Communion, perhaps assisted by other Priests or Deacons. Only when there is a necessity may extraordinary ministers assist the Priest celebrant in accordance with the norm of law.

Sister Margaret Mary Kelleher, OSU, School of Theology and Religious Studies, CUA, "Ministers of Communion", part 8 of "Good Liturgy", America April 19-26, 2004


[RS 101.] ...Holy Communion under both kinds... is to be completely excluded where even a small danger exists of the sacred species being profaned...

[RS 102.] The chalice should not be ministered to lay members of Christ's faithful where there is such a large number of communicants that it is difficult to gauge the amount of wine for the Eucharist... or where a notable part of the people continues to prefer not to approach the chalice for various reasons, so that the sign of unity would in some sense be negated.

Father Joseph Gélineau, SJ, Learning to Celebrate (Pastoral Press 1985)

Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap, "Communion in the liturgy of the World: Distinguishing between the Fruits of the Mass and the Fruits of Communion"
Federation of Diocesan Liturgical Commissions, FDLC Newsletter Feb.-Mar. 2003


Communion under Both Kinds
[RS 106.] However, the pouring of the Blood of Christ after the consecration from one vessel to another is completely to be avoided... Never to be used for containing the Blood of the Lord are flagons, bowls, or other vessels that are not fully in accord with the established norms.

Richard Gaillardetz, Professor of Catholic Studies, University of Toledo (Ohio), author and lecturer, Broken and Poured Out: A Spirituality for Eucharistic Ministers (Ligouri Publications 2002)

Cardinal Roger Mahony, Archbishop of Los Angeles
Gather Faithfully Together (Liturgy Training Publications 1997)

 

Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap
"Communion in the liturgy of the World: Distinguishing between the Fruits of the Mass and the Fruits of Communion"
FDLC Newsletter Feb.-Mar. 2003

Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap
From Age to Age: How Christians Have Celebrated the Eucharist (LTP 1991)


[RS 134.] ...Therefore both public and private devotion to the Most Holy Eucharist even outside Mass should be vigorously promoted, for by means of it the faithful give adoration to Christ, truly and really present, the "High Priest of the good things to come" and Redeemer of the whole world. "It is the responsibility of sacred Pastors, even by the witness of their life, to support the practice of Eucharistic worship and especially exposition of the Most Holy Sacrament, as well as prayer of adoration before Christ present under the eucharistic species."

Father Edward Foley, OFM Cap
"Liturgical Factions and Violent Reactions"

Position Statement on the Need for a Pastoral Letter on the Eucharist 1996 FDLC national meeting


[RS 165.] ... Nor is it ever appropriate to refer to any member of the lay faithful as "presiding" over the celebration.

Leonard Doohan, Professor emeritus of Religious Studies at Gonzaga University in Spokane, Grass Roots Pastors: A Handbook for Career Lay Ministers (Harper & Row 1989)

Sister Kathleen Hughes, RSCJ
Eucharist Without Walls: Reimagining the Lord's Supper, Mary Byles Lecture in Leadership and Values, Maryville University, September 9, 1999

Sister Kathleen Hughes, RSCJ
Lay Presiding: The Art of Leading Prayer (Liturgical Press 1988)


Under the heading of Graviora delicta (grave matters) RS §172 forbids several actions, including "taking away or retaining the consecrated species for sacrilegious ends, or throwing them away".

Father Robert Hovda,"Pastoral Guidelines" in It is Your Own Mystery


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